Ecology. Results of 2020
Main environmental results of 2020
Developing countries are seriously concerned about the problem of recycling household waste. Here and there, gradually, by different methods, governments and "green" organizations influence entrepreneurs and ordinary citizens, trying to awaken a conscious approach to this issue.
And while with requests, admonitions and fines the whole world follows the planned path, Sweden asks for help - the country has run out of garbage! No matter how funny it may sound, there is only one problem with domestic waste in this state - it are not enough.
Waste incineration plant in Sweden, photo WEB
And meanwhile, for example, Stockholm, almost half of the used energy is received from the burning of recycled garbage. And, surprisingly, before this, the majority of waste passes through seven "circles of hell", reviving again and again by the method of secondary processing. So, for example, occurs with all plastic, most of the paper and polyethylene.
The Swedish system of eco-security is hierarchical and assumes the maximum reduction of damage caused by waste to environmental. It is based on a reduction in the amount of garbage, its processing and reuse, alternative methods of disposal (in particular, electricity) and only then it goes to landfills.
Sweden made a revolution in the processing of garbage, photo WEB
Thanks to a superbly developed recycling program, only 4% of garbage gets to the Swiss landfills, and the rest either goes back to production or is burned. During the utilization process, water is heated, which heats about a fifth of the country's residential and administrative buildings. Moreover, experts assure that the newest technologies introduced into incineration plants so effectively purify the air of combustion products, that no more than ... 1% of harmful substances enter the atmosphere!
Back in the early 90's, a law was passed that obliges entrepreneurs to bear material responsibility for the collection, processing and disposal of their products. Therefore, the producers had nothing else to do but to take a more proactive approach to the environmental friendliness of their products. No matter how fabulous the achievements of this country are, everybody can only learn from the Swedes. Here, even a child will not throw out a wrapper past the ballot box, especially in wrong urn!
Here, even a child will not throw the wrapper in the wrong urn, photo WEB
In each house there are several garbage containers - for paper, glass, food waste, plastic and so on. The same picture with street tanks. The Swedish underground garbage disposal facility was built more than half a century ago and is still functioning successfully. Serious fines are imposed for violators of cleanliness and order, but as practice shows, the Swedish citizens have very high level of consciousness, that this article of state revenues is replenished infrequently.
The country began to feel the shortage of its own garbage back in 2015 and was already thinking how to ensure its needs for this raw material. While the government intends to solve the problem, acquiring garbage from neighbors. Noblely, Norway extended its helping hand to eastern friends, it is cheaper to transport their garbage to Sweden and then take away the ash.
The level of consciousness of Swedish citizens is very high, photo WEB
Nevertheless, the Swedish Environmental Protection Society predicts that Norwegian garbage will be scarce in the near future and it will be necessary to import the Baltic, Romanian, Italian garbage... After all, as is known, there are colossal landfills in these countries and practically there are no own processing plants.
Already today, to provide more than 30 power plants operating on incinerated waste, Sweden acquires garbage from the UK and Ireland. Nevertheless, environmentalists believe that the country should continue to work on reducing waste. "The existing program is good only in the short term," notes CAS senior advisor Katharina Ostlund.
Victoria Romanova, Russia, Moscow