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World Oceans Day 2018

World Oceans Day 2018

Our planet sparkles in space like a crystal blue ball. This color is given by the oceans, which cover three-quarters of its surface. They are called the cradle of life, there live at least 200 thousand studied biological species, they absorb a third of carbon dioxide and largely shape the climate. And today, thanks to people's activities, the waters of the World Ocean are becoming a global dump.

For the first time, the problem of the oceans pollution was raised at a high level 26 years ago, in 1992. At the beginning of that summer, Rio de Janeiro hosted the largest ecological event of the 20th century, in which took part about 8 thousand delegates from 170 countries.

Oceans are the cradle of life

Oceans are the cradle of life, photo WEB

The result of the last conference was the Declaration on Environment and Development, consisting of 27 paragraph. On the same day, a proposal was made to approve the most important eco-holiday - World Oceans Day. The date of its holding is 8 June. Today it is celebrated by those whose life is at least a little bit connected with the water expanses - ecologists, sailors, ichthyologists, divers, dolphinarium employees, and by not indifferent in all corners of the planet.

Contrary to Darwin's theory, there is another, confidently declaring that a person, literally, has come out of the water. This is evidenced by the amazing similarity of the human brain with the dolphin's, smooth skin, the structure of the nose and even the presence of hair on the head.

There is an aquatic theory of the person origin

There is an aquatic theory of the person origin, photo WEB

The ocean for the person is the only full-fledged source of polyunsaturated fats of omega-3 and easily digestible protein, which still completely depend on more than 2.5 billion people on the planet. People, who live on the shore of the ocean can boast with better health, also seafood is recognized as the food of long-livers. The ocean is the source of all life on the planet, but the person confidently destroys this huge ecosystem.

The waters of the oceans not only feed billions of people, but also it is the most important, system-forming part of the climate formation process. Oceans temperature, speed and currents directions, the reactions occurring in it, and the activity of living organisms determine the interaction of global systems that make possible the very existence of life on our planet. Reasonable exploitation of this resource is the key to a sustainable future.

Oceans are an essential part of the climate formation process

Oceans are an essential part of the climate formation process, photo WEB

However, today there is no rationality with regard of water resources use. Almost 60% of fish resources currently "work" for a person at the limit of their capabilities, and about 30% are already completed. The acidification of water, caused by the increasing concentration of carbon in them, rapidly destroys the skeletons and shells of marine life.

This trend threatens to destroy up to 70% of corals after 30 years. As a result, experts call 40% of World ocean's water "seriously affected by human activity", such as, the depletion of fish stocks, destruction of coastal habitats, and, of course, pollution.

Death of Coral Reef

Death of Coral Reef, photo WEB

About a million seabirds and hundreds of thousands of large marine mammals perish each year as a result of ocean pollution. The fish eats plastic, which means that we eat it too. Every year, 8 million tons of such wastes come to the kingdom of Poseidon, and this problem threatens to become uncontrollable. The UN is expressing serious concern over the current situation. This time, on June 8, 2018, the UN will celebrate World Oceans Day in a discussion of combat methods with plastic debris.

"Everyone can play his role. Today, as always, it is in your power to change the situation for the better, just by doing an uncomplicated act. It is enough to take your own water bottle, coffee cup or eco-bag. And, maybe, to hand over your garbage for recycling. Alternatively, volunteer to clean the coastal area", says UN Secretary General António Guterres.

Secretary-General of the United Nations António Guterres

Secretary-General of the United Nations António Guterres, photo WEB

If everyone does at least something, the cumulative impact of our actions will become incredibly powerful. Today, humanity still has a chance to take care of the oceans health, to prevent the extinction of living biological species and to preserve its beauty, wealth and potential for future generations. Let's start today, on the World Day of the Seas and Oceans!

Victoria Romanova, Russia, Moscow

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