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Seychelles - the most beautiful archipelago in the world, located in the Indian Ocean, on the east coast of Africa. The azure waters of the ocean, washing the beach of white sand, hammocks hung between coconut trees, exotic seafood and fruits invariably attract tourists from all over the world. But there are cloudy days in paradise - the influx of tourists undermines the ecological balance in the Seychelles.
In 1935 the first Euro-class hotel was opened in Seychelles for the reception of foreign guests. And in 1988 the first resort started to work here. The beauty of the region and the unique opportunity for exotic fishing attracted a lot of travelers. They provide about 2/3 of the total amount of foreign exchange earnings to the treasury. But the preservation of nature has long required the restriction of the tourists number.
Exotic fishing attract a lot of travelers, photo WEB
The government of the island state demonstrates an enviable sobriety in environmental matters, but until recently it was not possible to significantly affect the situation. The reason for this was a huge debt that prevented from closing or restricting tourists' access to certain territories. But in early 2018, a group of philanthropists, which included the actor Leonardo DiCaprio, bought back the state's debt, finally opening up the opportunity to preserve the unique biological diversity of the Seychelles.
The results were not long in coming. Just the other day the government announced the creation of new protected reserves with a total area of 210 thousand km². By 2020, this territory will double and amount to almost a third of the total area of the state. In these regions, tourism and fishing will be limited for many years.
In early 2018, a group of philanthropists, in which Leonardo DiCaprio entered, repurchased the state's debt, photo WEB
The government will have to repay the debt, but at a convenient time for it. These payments will form the fund, which is planned to be used to protect the environment of the islands. Thus, in the coming years the Seychelles themselves will form the financial base for further restoration of the biological diversity of their region.
Today Seychelles is one of the richest fishing grounds in the world. Tourists catch here fish-wah, dorado, marlin, sailfish and tuna fish of all kinds. Rent a boat or a luxury yacht with all the equipment on the islands can be from 600-1500 euros and up to infinity. But not quite democratic value does not deter tourists.
The underwater world of the Seychelles is very rich, photo WEB
Due to the restructuring of the debt, in the near future it is planned to create a marine park on the Aldabra Atoll, where fishing will also be banned on an area of almost 46,000 kilometers. Here lives a lot of rare animals, and the archipelago itself is a UNESCO World Heritage site. For the first time about Aldabre began to talk in 1954. It happened thanks to Jacques-Yves Cousteau, who came here with "Calypso" and shot the film "The Silent World".
Submarine surveys of huge turtles have drawn public attention to the amazing nature of this place, which served as the impetus for the creation of a world significance protected zone in Aldabra. But the first reserve in the Seychelles opened in the May Valley after 12 years. Aldabre had to wait another 10 years, until the government decided to establish a protected area there.
On atoll Aldabr lives a lot of rare animals, фото WEB
For DiCaprio, the Seychelles program is not the first environmental project. Already almost 20 years the actor is engaged in charity in favor of eco-programs. In 1998, he created the Fund, which has financed more than 80 global projects around the world.
In 2017, Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation allocated 20 million dollars for environmental protection programs. DiCaprio not only advocates for the preservation of nature, but also "pulls" influential friends.
DiCaprio attracts influential friends to the problems of ecology, photo WEB
So, for example, in 2015 at a charity evening, he collected about 25 million dollars, which were transferred to save forests and animals. "My Fund supports the activities of more than a hundred organizations in forty countries. The recipients of the grants actively protect the oceans, forests and endangered species of animals in order to save them for our children and grandchildren", - says the actor.
Victoria Romanova, Russia, Moscow